“Etiology, Epidemiology, and Disparities in the Burden of Diabetic Foot Ulcers” from Diabetes Care
A recently published article in Diabetes Care, Etiology, Epidemiology, and Disparities in the Burden of Diabetic Foot Ulcers, is one of the most comprehensive reviews on the topic in the last several years. Disturbing trends in healthcare disparities for lower income and minority patient populations with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are discussed. Another concern noted in the article is the uptick in the amputation rate in diabetes patients after some notable reductions in the 1990s and 2000s. The importance of preventative care and screening is reviewed in detail. Specifically, diagnosing loss of protective sensation (LOPS) through testing with the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament and tuning fork is stressed in these patients due to the centrality of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the formation of most DFUs. These recommendations support the findings of our last article on the prediction of DFUs with these two screening tests.