A new study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that for Americans over 75 years of age the mortality rate from falls more than doubled from 2000 to 2016. Although the authors state that the exact causes for this alarming increase are unknown, most known risks can be mitigated (except aging itself). These include eliminating tripping hazards (pets included), wearing good shoes with a tread, using mobility accessories like canes or walkers, modifying/reducing the use of certain medications like sedatives and keeping hydrated.
Proper identification of medical-related risks such as balance deficits and peripheral neuropathy are important in fall prevention as well. Our 2016 post on falls and large fiber neuropathy covered this topic in detail.